Edmund Burke, (1729-1797), writer and philosopher and, from his English base, was one of the foremost political thinkers of the 18th century.
Edmund Burke (12 January 1729 - 9 July 1797) was a writer, Anglo-Irish statesman, author, orator, political theorist, and philosopher who, after moving to England, served for many years in the House of Commons of Great Britain as a member of the Whig party.
Edmund Burke was one of the foremost political thinkers of the 18th century.
He is mainly remembered for his support of the cause of the American Revolutionaries, and for his later opposition to the French Revolution.
The latter led to his becoming the leading figure within the conservative faction of the Whig party, which he dubbed the "Old Whigs", in opposition to the pro-French-Revolution "New Whigs", led by Charles James Fox.
Burke was praised by both conservatives and liberals in the 19th century. Since the 20th century, he has generally been viewed as the philosophical founder of modern conservatism, as well as a representative of classical liberalism.